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Development trend of construction machinery parts

The history of human development is a history of the development of tools, infrastructure construction is inseparable from the construction machinery, the 20th century, 80 years, domestic and foreign construction machinery product technology has gone from a mature period of modernization. Electronic technology, micro-computer, sensors and other technical transformation of the traditional engineering machinery products, then the next, how will engineering machinery in one direction? Development trend of construction machinery parts
    【Fujian Jin Gong Machinery Co., Ltd. Business Annual Meeting Accessories Exhibition Area】
    1.Energy saving and environmental protection 
    The growing concern about the environment reflects the importance the public attaches to environmental protection. According to the Ministry of Environmental Protection released data show that in 2015, Beijing, Tianjin, Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta regional and municipal capitals, 74 cities, air quality exceeded the average number of days the proportion of 39.7%. Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region which exceeded the maximum number of days close to 70%. China has become an increasingly serious environmental problems indisputable fact. The construction machinery and equipment industry in China is more serious pollution, which is bound to become the industry after the major problems to be solved. 
    2.Modular design 
    The future With the development of China's construction machinery industry, to provide users with high performance, high reliability, high mobility, good maintenance and economic equipment has gradually become the goal pursued by manufacturers. Therefore, in order to meet the individual needs of users, manufacturers should adopt multi-species, small batch production methods, the fastest speed to develop quality and cheap new products. The most effective way to achieve these requirements is to use modular design principles, methods, and techniques. 
    For the typical industry of construction machinery in the face of the brutal situation of international competition in the domestic market and new technologies, new technology challenges to survive and develop, we must solve the TQCS problem, that is the fastest time to market (T), the best The quality (Q), the lowest cost (C), the best service (S), to meet the needs of different customers. The most effective means to solve this problem - intelligent manufacturing, intelligent manufacturing is "China Construction Machinery" efforts to the goal. From the current point of view, China's "second Five-Year" plan for the construction machinery industry, the development of a higher demand, flexible production, automation, digital and other intelligent manufacturing-based industry will become the new standard. Expected in 2015, China's construction machinery industry, investment in fixed assets reached 100 billion yuan, of which intelligent manufacturing inputs will be as high as 30 billion yuan. Which will make the domestic construction machinery industry, the overall level of intelligent manufacturing in the second five-year-end to a new level. 
    4.Human - computer interaction 
    Since the 1980s, many of the world's largest construction machinery manufacturing companies have invested a great deal of human and financial resources to promote the research and application of modern design methodology, ergonomics. Overall, the "people-oriented" design concept is the key to focus on the coordination of machines and people to improve man-machine security, driving comfort, easy to operate the driver and technical maintenance, which not only improves the driver's working conditions, Production efficiency, and some countries of engineering machinery vibration, noise, emissions and anti-roll and fall objects to develop new standards, and even put into law. Now all kinds of construction machinery are designed with anti-roll and fall protection devices to protect the driver's personal safety, and are designed and installed with the cab, respectively. The cabin has enough room for human activities and open field of vision, and to take the necessary sealing, vibration, noise reduction and temperature control measures. 
    The future application of electronic technology in engineering machinery, will greatly simplify the driver's operating procedures and improve the technical performance of the machine, so as to truly achieve the "human-computer interaction" effect. 
    The future of engineering machinery from local automation to fully automated transition, and toward the long-range manipulation and unmanned trend. With the intervention of artificial intelligence, engineering machinery will speed up its modernization process, so that the gradual transition to a fully intelligent robotics target. By that time, some new roboticization procedures will emerge. 
    6.Information - based manufacturing 
    Data show that China's coastal areas of labor costs have been integrated with the United States close to some areas. With the demise of the demographic dividend, the rising cost of labor in the manufacturing industry and the decline of the employment desire of the new generation of labor force, the international competitiveness of China's manufacturing industry will face a major crisis. Promote the "industrialization and information technology" integration, the first to enter the industrial era of 4.0, to maintain the competitiveness of China's manufacturing industry, is a must choose the proposition. 
    7.Polarization development 
    On the one hand, as China's energy, wind power and nuclear power and other new areas of deepening the development of large-scale construction machinery and equipment to be favorable from the 2014 Shanghai BMW show the introduction of various new equipment we seem to be aware of crawler cranes To mining excavators, not only fully proved that China's domestic construction machinery enterprises advanced technology and manufacturing capabilities, but also further enhance China's large-scale international market products in the market competitiveness. 
    On the other hand, in foreign countries such as the United States and Europe and Japan and other developed countries, more complete infrastructure, large-scale infrastructure projects in the increasingly reduced, and repair and protection and urban small-scale projects are increasing, in order to save higher manpower costs, improve work Efficiency, a variety of small, micro-engineering machinery popular, these machinery and equipment will be in a narrow lot of construction work, or in residential and small projects get more widely used applications. In China, China's new urban construction projects are increasingly in-depth, for small-scale construction machinery and equipment demand will show sustained and steady growth. 
    8.A multi-purpose machine 
    A multi-purpose machine, operating function diversification in recent years, construction machinery and equipment of a new technology features, will also be the future development of construction machinery and equipment manufacturing a major trend. The multifunctional work unit has changed the single operation function. The factors driving this development are the hydraulic technology. Second, the rapid replacement of the birth of the link device, installed in the work of the hydraulic device can be quickly replaced with the machine, in the work site to complete a variety of attachments attached to the rapid loading and unloading equipment and automatic hydraulic hose link, making the replacement of work attachment devices In the cab can be quickly completed by manipulating the handle. 
    Modern engineering machinery is in a mechanical and electrical integration of the development of the introduction of mechanical and electrical integration technology, mechanical, hydraulic technology and electronic control technology and other organic combination, can greatly improve the performance of construction machinery, such as power, fuel Economy, reliability, safety, operating comfort and operating accuracy, operating efficiency, service life. At present, microcomputer or microprocessor as the core of electronic control devices in modern engineering machinery applications has been quite popular, electronic control technology has penetrated into many areas of construction machinery, such as paver and grader automatic leveling, Paver The electronic power of the excavator, the electronic speed control of the diesel engine, the automatic control of the gearbox of the loader and the scraper, the condition monitoring and the self-diagnosis of the construction machinery. 
    With the continuous development of science and technology, the performance requirements of construction machinery continues to improve, the electronic control device in the construction machinery will be more extensive, the structure will be more complex. Especially with China's imports and domestic construction machinery has increased year by year, how to make good use of these expensive construction machinery, to maximize its efficiency, mechanical and electrical integration is now the future is no doubt the direction of construction machinery development. 
    10.More emphasis on the development and selection of parts 
    For the future competition in the market to obtain greater competitive advantage, engineering machinery design will pay more attention to the selection of good quality parts, pay more attention to parts of the universal, standardized and integrated, and supporting the more parts enterprises Pay attention to systematically and host matching into the transmission system, hydraulic system, electromechanical integration control system, greatly reducing the host product development cycle. And the standardization of parts and generalization to further improve the maximum simplification of maintenance, foreign advanced technology development is an important symbol. For example, the operating handle in the cab, button switch, instrument panel, bolts and nuts have been fully marked, universal, group installation, greatly reducing the cab production costs.